Cyprus is located in the northeastern part of the Mediterranean, 75 km south of Turkey, 105 km west of Syria, 380 km north of Egypt and 380 km east of Rhodes.
Cyprus has a Mediterranean climate with its main characteristics being the warm and dry summer from mid-May to mid-September, from mid-November to mid-March and the two short transition seasons of autumn and spring.
During the summer, Cyprus and the eastern Mediterranean region in general are under the influence of the seasonal barometric low, which has its center in southwestern Asia. High temperatures and clear sky are the result of this influence. In winter, Cyprus is affected by frequent short-distance and border-crossing in the Mediterranean from west to east. These beautiful disorders usually last from one to three days at a time and give the greatest amount of rain. The total average rainfall in December, January and February corresponds to about 60% of all-weather rainfall.
Summer temperatures are high and the average daily temperature in July and August varies between 29 degrees Celsius in the central plains to 22 degrees Celsius in Troodos, while the average maximum temperature for these months varies between 36 and 27 degrees Celsius respectively. The temperature days are about 10 degrees Celsius in the central plain and 3 degrees Celsius at the highest peaks of Troodos and with a mean minimum temperature of 5 and 0 degrees Celsius, respectively.
Humidity in the air averages between 60% and 80% in winter and between 40% and 60% in the summer, with even lower humidity values around midday. The horn is rare and the visibility is generally very good. Sunshine is abundant throughout the year and especially from April to September, when the average sunshine duration is over 11 hours a day.
Winds usually blow to moderate in different directions. Strong winds are not excluded, but storms are rare for Cyprus and are restricted to coastal areas as well as to high-altitude areas.