Republic of Cyprus

The UN and the Cyprus Question


Relations with UNFICYP


Creation of the Force

The United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was established with the consent of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on 27 March 1964. The creation of the Force was mandated by the Security Council of the United Nations in its resolution adopted on 4 March 1964 [186, (1964)] following the outbreak of the inter-communal conflict on the island and the threat of an imminent invasion by Turkey. By an exchange of letters dated 31 March 1964 between the Secretary General and the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Cyprus, an agreement was concluded concerning the status of the Force (Host Country Agreement).

The Force was initially stationed for three months, but later this was extended to six-month periods and renewed with the consent of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. Since its establishment, the Force has carried out the functions of peacekeeping, which is an essential component to the peace-making effort, entrusted to the UN Secretary-General.

Mandate

According to the mandate of the Force, which is laid down in Security Council resolution 186 (1964) and subsequent resolutions of the Council concerning Cyprus, UNFICYP’s main functions in the interest of preserving international peace and security, can be summarized as follows:

  • Preventing a recurrence of fighting - maintaining the cease fire. At the end of the 1974 Turkish invasion and the occupation of the northern 36.4% of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus, the mandate of the Force was adjusted to the new situation. The most significant change was the adoption of a new operational concept, that of the buffer zone, which was used to describe the area between the two cease-fire lines.
  • Contributing to the maintenance and restoration of law and order as necessary.
  • Contributing to a return to normal conditions.
  • Humanitarian functions (taking measures for the relief and welfare of the refugees and providing assistance to the enclaved persons in the occupied areas).

Composition

UNFICYP currently comprises 858 soldiers, 65 civilian police and 152 civilian personnel. The military personnel are from Argentina (295 – the contingent includes 1 soldier from Brazil, 15 from Chile and 14 from Paraguay), Austria (4), Canada (1), Hungary (84 – 6 Serbs), Slovakia (200 – the contingent includes 2 soldiers from Croatia) and the UK (272). The civilian police are provided by Australia (15), Bosnia and Herzegovina (5), Croatia (4), El Salvador (4), India (7), Italy (4), Ireland (18), Montenegro (4) and Ukraine (4). Of the 152 civilian staff, 39 were recruited internationally and 113 locally (Note: the information is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations operation in Cyprus of 31 May 2011).

The Secretary-General of the U.N. submits a periodic six-month official report to the UN Security Council on the UN’s Peace-Keeping Operation in Cyprus. This report includes information on the activities of the force both at the operational level (maintenance of the cease fire and the military status quo) and at the civilian level (restoration of normal conditions and humanitarian functions), as well as information on the Secretary General’s mission of good offices. It also refers to organizational and financial matters concerning the maintenance of the force.

In June 2010, the General Assembly of the UN appropriated the amount of $56.3 million (Res. 69/274) for UNFICYP. The Government of Cyprus voluntarily contributes approximately 1/3 of the cost of the Force (approx. $18.8 million), the amount of $ 6.5 is contributed by the Government of Greece and the remaining amount is covered by assessed contributions of member states.

For further information, please follow this link: http://www.unficyp.org/


June, 2011


• Reports of the Secretary General of the U.N.
• Reports of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Operation in Cyprus
• Reports of the Secretary-General on his Mission of Good Offices in Cyprus