Κατά τη σημερινή επίσημη συνεδρία του Συμβουλίου Ασφαλείας των Ηνωμένων Εθνών, υπό την προεδρία του Μονίμου Αντιπροσώπου της Ουρουγουάης, Πρέσβη Elbio Rosselli, υιοθετήθηκε ομόφωνα το ψήφισμα με αριθμό S/2263/2016 που ανανεώνει τη θητεία της ειρηνευτικής δύναμης των Ηνωμένων Εθνών στην Κύπρο, UNFICYP, για ακόμη έξι μήνες, μέχρι 31 Ιουλίου 2016.
Αμέσως μετά την υιοθέτηση του ψηφίσματος, οι Αντιπρόσωποι της Αιγύπτου, της Ρωσικής Ομοσπονδίας, του Ηνωμένου Βασιλείου και των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών έλαβαν τον λόγο για επεξήγηση της ψήφου τους.
Οι δηλώσεις ακολουθούν αυτούσιες:
Egypt: Thank you Mr. President. Mr. President, Egypt welcomes the adoption of resolution 2263 on the extension of the mandate of the UN force for peacekeeping in Cyprus on a base of consensus. This is out of our conviction of the important role carried out by this force in supporting the stability in Cyprus, particularly in light of the positive momentum in the negotiating process between both Cypriot parties and based on what both parties have expressed of their complete commitment to reach a comprehensive settlement and sustainable settlement for the Cypriot issue as fast as possible. And despite that, Egypt is convinced that it was important to include the preambular paragraph 13 of the resolution, to indicate the nature and identity of the military basis in the north of Cyprus, in a way that reflects the reality on the ground. When dealing with the issue of missing persons this issue of humanitarian nature, first is important, so that all parties can be faced with their responsibilities and since Egypt stresses the importance of securing all efforts to give success to the political process we reiterate all parties must be responsible during the negotiations and to abstain from any act that may lead to increase tension or to harming the positive environment that prevails now. Egypt also stresses in this context again that the Cypriot settlement must abide by the relevant Security Council resolutions and in current political conditions regionally. Thank you Mr. President.
Russian Federation: Mr. President, the Russian Federation voted in favor of resolution 2263 on extending the mandate of the UN peacekeeping force in Cyprus, which plays an important role in the maintenance of peace and calm on the island. We are in favor of intercommunity relation and negotiation. We have even noted that the document is seriously flawed because the sponsors of the resolution did not hear the opinion of a number of Security Council members and did not reflect an obvious fact in this text, the presence in Cyprus of the two communities and also of one further player mainly Turkey which maintains an enormous military presence on the island and its true relationship with the settlement of the Cyprus issue is still not clear. This is attested too for example, by the fact that the Turkish air force regularly violates Cypriot air space. We are convinced that such actions have a negative impact on the negotiation atmosphere and harm civil aviation in the region and should be curtailed. We are in favor of the Cypriot parties finding a negotiating solution which should be in line with the aims and principles of the UN charter as well as the provisions of the relevant Security Council resolutions and with response to contemporary geopolitical realities. In this context we note that the existing security mechanisms namely systems of external guarantees to Cyprus are in relic of the colonial era and have no place in the 21st century. Thank you.
United Kingdom: Thank you Mr. President, the United Kingdom warmly welcomes the renewal of the mandate for the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus through resolution 2263, unanimously adopted today. As the pen holder on this issue and as one of the largest contributors to UNFICYP, we are pleased that the mission has been extended for another 6 months. We thank colleagues for their roles for bringing our negotiations to a successful conclusion. This adoption sends a positive message at a hopeful time for Cyprus. Through resolution 2263 we have done three main things. First, we have welcomed the progress and the positive momentum in the leaders led settlement negotiations. Second, we have captured the positive developments since the last mandate renewal, including on confidence building measures. And third we have authorized a modest uplift in UNFICYP’s force levels to assist the mission in its planning for the hopeful event of a settlement in the near future. As pen holder, the United Kingdom recognizes that there were sensitivities, as evidence by my Russian colleague’s statement. Our efforts during the drafting focused on striking a fine balance on emotive issues and we believe that the resolution, unanimously adopted, achieves that balance. A balance that allows everyone to ensure that no party felt undermined, it draws on language from the UN Secretary’s General UNFICYP report. The draft also has the support of the parties themselves and we are very glad to note that it has received a significant number of co-sponsors from other Council members. Finally, there is positive momentum ongoing in the leaders led settlements negotiations. The Council now needs to assist those leaders to reach agreement. The road ahead will be tough and the leaders will need to show continued courage to take difficult decisions. In doing so, they will have the full support of the United Kingdom, something British foreign secretary Phillip Hamond made clear during his visit last November, but the support of the whole Council will also be vital in making this prospect of a settlement, a reality. We have a real opportunity ahead to bring this long running issue to an overdue conclusion, and let us help, let us all help the leaders to seize that opportunity. Thank you Mr. President.
United States: Thank you Mr. President. The United States fully supports the renewal of UNFICYP’s mandate. We commend both Cypriot leaders for their determination to make substantial progress towards a comprehensive settlement to end the long standing division of the island and reunify Cyprus as a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation. As the Secretary of State of the United States, Secretary Kerry recently said at the World Economic Forum “we are committed to supporting the best chance in decades to achieve a Cyprus settlement.” The United States is optimistic a settlement agreement can be achieved, but we know this will require the continued persistence of the two leaders, as well as support from the international community, including the Security Council. It is unfortunate that a member of this Council’s remarks have attempted to politicize this consensus adoption. We urge all Council members to engage on Cyprus free of ulterior political motives driven by external factors and in the best interest of the Cypriot people. Thank you.
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