Republic of Cyprus Emblem
High Commission of the Republic of Cyprus in London

General Information


Official Name of State: Greek: Kipriaki Dimokratia, Turkish: Kibris Cumhuriyeti, English: Republic of Cyprus

Government:
Republic with a presidential system.

Current Government as of 1 March 2013 (for a five year term):
President: Nicos Anastasiades
For the composition of the current Council of Ministers click here

Official Languages:
Greek, Turkish

Capital:
Lefkosia (Nicosia)

Cyprus’ Flag




T
he Emblem of the Republic


Location:
Island in the eastern Mediterranean. Cyprus lies at a latitude of 34˚33˚ - 35˚34˚ North and longitude 32˚16˚ - 34˚37˚ East.
Area:
9.251 sq km

Climate:
Mediterranean climate; hot, dry summers and mild winters.
    • The weather in Cyprus today

Population:
885.600 (December 2008). Greek Cypriots - including Maronites, Armenians and Latins - 75,5% (668.700), Turkish Cypriots 10% (88.700), Foreign residents and workers 13,7% (128.200).

Population distribution per district:
Nicosia (Lefkosia) (capital) 236.200
Limassol (Lemesos) 187.100
Larnaca (Larrnaka) 83.500
Paphos (Pafos) 56.700
Famagusta (Ammochostos) 44.300

Natural resources: Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.

Economy:
Services oriented market economy (approx. 80% of GDP).

Sectors:
Services (tourism, financial services, real estate, telecommunications), Industry (cement and gypsum production, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone and clay products), Agriculture and Fisheries (citrus, vegetables, barley, grapes, olives).

Per Capita GDP:
€20.400 (2010 estimate)

Unemployment rate:
7% (2010)

Inflation rate:
2,6% (2010)

Exports:
€963.213.854 (2009) Main export partners: Germany 16%, Greece 12,6%, United Kingdom 8,8%, Italy 3,5% (2009)

Imports:
€5.654.446.522 (2009) Main import partners: European Union 72%, Asia 11%, Middle East 9%, Other European countries 3% (2009)

Brief Historical Survey


DATEPERIOD
10th milleniumAkrotiri-Aetokremmos
9th millenium - 5200 B.C.Aceramic Neolithic
5000 - 3900 B.C.Ceramic Neolithic
3900 - 2500 B.C.Chalcolithic
2500 - 1900 B.C.Early Bronze Age
1900 - 1600 B.C.Middle Bronze Age
1600 - 1050 B.C.Late Bronze Age
1050 - 750 B.C.Geometric
750 - 480 B.C.Archaic
480 - 310 B.C.Classical
310 B.C - 30 B.CHellenistic
30 B.C. - 330 A.D.Roman
330 - mid 7th century A.D.Early Christian
mid 7th century - 965 A.D.Byzantine - Arab raids
965 - 1191 A.D.Byzantine
1191 - 1489 A.D.Frankish
1489 - 1571 A.D.Venetian
1571 - 1878 A.D.Ottoman
1878 - 1960 A.D.British
1960Independence of the Republic of Cyprus
1974Turkish Invasion
2004Accession to the European Union (EU)
2008Adoption of the Euro
2012Cyprus Presidency of the Council of the EU

INFORMATION FOR CYPRIOT NATIONALS LIVING OR PLANNING TO LIVE IN THE UK FOLLOWING THE TRIGGERING OF ARTICLE 50 BY THE UK GOVERNMENT

Priorities of the Cyprus Chairmanship of
the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe
(22 November 2016 – 19 May 2017)

STUDY IN CYPRUS