Republic of Cyprus
Permanent Representation of the Republic of Cyprus to the European Union

General Information


Official Name of State: Greek: Kipriaki Dimokratia, Turkish: Kibris Cumhuriyeti, English: Republic of Cyprus

Government: Republic with a presidential system.

Current Government as of 1 March 2013 (for a five year term):
President: Nicos Anastasiades
For the composition of the current Council of Ministers click here

Official Languages: Greek, Turkish

Capital: Lefkosia (Nicosia)

Cyprus’ Flag



The Emblem of the Republic


Location: Island in the eastern Mediterranean. Cyprus lies at a latitude of 34˚33˚ - 35˚34˚ North and longitude 32˚16˚ - 34˚37˚ East.
Area: 9.251 sq km

Climate: Mediterranean climate; hot, dry summers and mild winters.
  • The weather in Cyprus today

Population: 938.400 (2014)
74% (694.700) Greek Cypriots - including Maronites (0,7%), Armenians (0,4%) and Latins (0,1%)
9,8% (91.400) Turkish Cypriots
16,2% (153.300) Foreign residents and workers

Natural resources: Copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment.

Economy: Services 84,5% of GDP (2013)
Industry 12,6% of GDP (2013)
Agriculture and Fisheries 2,8% of GDP (2013)

Sectors: Services (mainly: tourism, financial services, shipping)
Industry (mainly: cement and gypsum production, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, plastic products, leather goods, pharmaceuticals)
Agriculture (citrus, vegetables, potatoes, cereals, grapes, olives) and Fisheries

Per Capita GDP: €20.377 (2013)

Unemployment rate: 15,7% (2015)

Inflation rate: -0,6% ( 2015)

Exports: €1.611.600.000 (2013) Main export partners: Greece 16,6%, United Kingdom 13%, Germany 2,5%

Imports: €4.810.500.000 (2013) Main import partners: European Union 69,5% (of which Greece 23,3%, Italy 6,9%, Germany 6,5%, United Kingdom 6,4%), Israel 13,5%, China 4,3%

Brief Historical Survey

DATEPERIOD
10th milleniumAkrotiri-Aetokremmos
9th millenium - 5200 B.C.Aceramic Neolithic
5000 - 3900 B.C.Ceramic Neolithic
3900 - 2500 B.C.Chalcolithic
2500 - 1900 B.C.Early Bronze Age
1900 - 1600 B.C.Middle Bronze Age
1600 - 1050 B.C.Late Bronze Age
1050 - 750 B.C.Geometric
750 - 480 B.C.Archaic
480 - 310 B.C.Classical
310 B.C - 30 B.CHellenistic
30 B.C. - 330 A.D.Roman
330 - mid 7th century A.D.Early Christian
mid 7th century - 965 A.D.Byzantine - Arab raids
965 - 1191 A.D.Byzantine
1191 - 1489 A.D.Frankish
1489 - 1571 A.D.Venetian
1571 - 1878 A.D.Ottoman
1878 - 1960 A.D.British
1960Independence of the Republic of Cyprus
1974Turkish Invasion
2004Accession to the European Union
2008Adoption of the Euro
2012Cyprus Presidency of the Council of the EU

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Last Modified at: 13/10/2017 03:31:48 PM
 

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
Permanent Representation of the Republic of Cyprus to the European Union